Today’s post contains information that may be helpful if you, or someone else that you may know may be having a change in the ability to recall new or recently learned information. One of the most common reasons for memory loss is when a person has had a stroke. A stroke most often occurs when the blood supply to the brain is stopped due to a blockage of a blood vessel to the brain or leakage of a vessel into the brain. Strokes seem to cause the most difficulty in the short-term memory area vs. the other memory area called long-term memory. Most people that have experienced a stroke often maintain adequate long-term memories that were established years before a stroke, but the ability to recall new information after a few minutes often becomes more difficult for them. Short-term memory loss difficulties can also be experienced by individuals with traumatic brain injuries (TBI’s), concussions, or other neurological conditions or disorders such as; Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Parkinson disease, Dementia or brain tumors.
*Short term memory: Is also known as recent or working memory. It is defined as a system for temporarily storing and managing information required to carry out complex cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension. Short-term memory is involved in the selection, initiation, and termination of information-processing functions such as encoding, storing, and retrieving data.
*Long-term memory: A system for permanently storing, managing, and retrieving information for later use. Items of information stored as long-term memory may be available for a lifetime.
Compensatory memory strategies and techniques can help individuals with memory loss learn to simplify and organize their lives, and to learn new information effectively. The most common memory techniques that we educate our speech therapy patients with are listed on the two following slides. Just right-click and print out the slides if you would like to take a closer look at them.
Wishing you well!
Manda & Shanda
Twin Speech, Language & Literacy LLC